Evolution vs Creation
Beware lest anyone cheat you through philosophy and empty deceit, according to the tradition of men, according to the basic principles of the world, and not according to Christ (Col 2:8).
Evolution-- the next best guess for those who do not believe in the word of God. ~ Adrian Rogers
People must believe in evolution so that they can do what they want. If we are not responsible before a holy God, then we are free to act like animals.
The heavens declare His righteousness, And all the peoples have seen His glory (Ps. 97:6, NASB).
"O LORD...when I look at the night sky and see the work of your fingers--the moon and the stars you have set in place--what are mortals that you should think of us, mere humans that you should care for us?" (Psalm 8:3-4).
"I praise You because I am fearfully and wonderfully made; your works are wonderful, I know that full well." (Psalm 139:14).
Bryan on theistic evolution:
"Theistic evolution may be
defined as an anesthetic
which deadens the patient's
pain while atheism removes
his religion." —William
Believing the truth of creation gives confidence to the believer (Ps 124:8; 146:5,6).
the creator of all things
(by God: Ge 1:1;
2:4,5; Pr 26:10 by Christ.
Joh 1:3,10; Col 1:16 by the
Holy Spirit. Job
26:13; Ps 104:30).
If I have told you earthly things and you do not believe, how will you believe if I tell you heavenly things? Jn 3:12
"God didn't make man a monkey. Man made a monkey of himself." -J. Vernon McGee
Christianity & Science:
"But some will object, ‘If
we allowed appealing to God
anytime we don’t understand
something, then science
itself would be impossible,
for science proceeds on the
assumption of natural
causality.’ This argument is
a red herring. It is true
that science is not
compatible with just any
form of theism, particularly
a theism that holds to a
capricious god who
intervenes so often that the
contrast between primary and
secondary causality is
Christian theism holds that
secondary causality is God’s
usual mode and primary
causality is infrequent,
comparatively speaking. That
is why Christianity, far
from hindering the
development of science,
actually provided the womb
for its birth and
Big Bang Cosmology: "Big bang cosmology is probably as widely believed as has been any theory of the universe in the history of Western civilization. It rests, however, on many untested, and in some cases untestable, assumptions. Indeed, big bang cosmology has become a bandwagon of thought that reflects faith as much as objective truth." Burbidge, G., 1992. Why only one big bang? Scientific American, 266(2):96.
"Genesis tells us that because of wickedness God judged the world with a worldwide flood. If this is true, what sort of evidence would we find? We could expect that we would find billions of dead things (fossils) buried in rock layers, laid down by water and catastrophic processes over most of the earth. This is exactly what we observe (Creation Is Religion, Ham)."
Christianity can be defended using: scientific logic, evidence, intellectual reasoning and history (Bob Dutko).
The opposite of design is chaos. Chaos does not create design.
"In 2 Timothy 4:2b, we are commanded to 'Be ready in season and out of season. convince, rebuke, exhort, with all longsuffering and teaching.'
...'whether the opportunity seems to be favorable or unfavorable. [Whether it is convenient or inconvenient, whether it is welcome or unwelcome, you as preacher of the Word are to show people in what way their lives are wrong.]'...
'For the time will come when they will not endure sound doctrine, but according to their own desires, because they have itching ear, they will heap up for themselves teacher.'
...[T]he Amplified Bible can provide a detailed commentary on the content presented in this verse:
For the time is coming when [people] will not tolerate (endure) sound and wholesome instruction, but having ears itching [for something pleasing and gratifying], they will gather to themselves one teacher after another to considerable number, chosen to satisfy their own liking and to foster the errors they hold..." Demolishing Strongholds Series.
"From ancient times humanity has been trying to solve the "riddle of the universe. Humankind asks, "Did it always exist, or was there a beginning? If it did have a beginning, how and when did it come into being?" Science seeks to find an answer but is limited to empirical knowledge. Philosophy has not been able to arrive at an adequate solution either. The answer to our origin must ultimately come from Scripture and be accepted by faith (Heb 11:3). Scripture declares both the how and why of physical and spiritual existence...
Many philosophies deny the doctrine of creation and postulate other origins for the universe. Atheism, which denies the existence of God, must either make matter eternal or find some other natural cause. Dualism argues for two eternal principles, one good and one evil, or two eternal beings, God and Satan or God and matter. Pantheism makes creation a part of God. Agnosticism says no one can know about god or his creation (1001 Surprising Things You Should Know About God, MacGregor, Prys, pg. 104-105)."
Can an Intellectual Believe in God? by Adrian Rogers
How to Know the Bible is the Word of God by Adrian Rogers
Evolution: Fact or Fiction by Adrian Rogers
An excerpt: Faith and Science, Falsely So-Called by John MacArthur
You have an internal (Jer 31:33) and external witness (Ps 19:1) as well as the scriptures (Ro 1:20): An excerpt: Total Truth: Liberating Christianity from its Cultural Captivity
"...[S]cience does not proceed by sheer induction--by collecting and organizing facts. It proceeds by proposing hypotheses and then testing them (the hypothetico-deductive method), and theories are accepted based on a wide range of factors, from simplicity to how well they cohere with existing knowledge (Pearcey, pg. 303)."
Understand the spirit of antichrist [1 Jn 4:2-6]. The Jesus test, the gospel test, and the fruit test
The next judgment will be by fire (judgment by fire is coming? 2 Pe 3:10
Take that Evolutionists!
T-Rex BBQ: If you missed it, they excavated a T-Rex, this big old T-Rex that they believed was 70 million years old. They broke open the femur bone and they found soft tissues in there - blood vessels, blood cells - soft tissue. And so, of course the atheists, they want to ignore it. And they want to say, "Of course the tissue is soft after 70 million years. Wouldn't you expect it to be?"
We say no, actually we wouldn't. No, supposedly this would have fossilized after the first hundred thousand years and either it's going to be stone or it's going to be gone. And here it is, the bones are still bone. They're not even fossilized. They're not stone. (kgov.com, Real Science Friday).
Where is the evolutionary transitional form?
A face only a mama could love, the Mantis shrimp, also referred to as a snapping shrimp, possesses an amazing function to obtain food, it creates a cavity bubble underwater which collapses with such force that it produces a cracking sound of about 200 decibels, a tiny flash of light, and enough shock to stun or even kill its prey such as worms and goby fish. It is the only creature in the world with such a "weapon" to kill its pray (kgov.com, Real Science Friday).
Evolutionists Say Missing Link Still Missing: (Ho-hum, did you know that they discovered another soft-tissue dinosaur? But, that's not worth reporting, is it? After all, we have missing link Ida to talk about? Don't we?) Definitive quotes compiled by Ken Ham's researchers show that the BBC's famous Darwinist Richard Attenborough was wrong about monkey fossil Ida...See for yourself (kgov.com).
Millions of Years are missing: According to evolutionary geologists, there are more than 100 million years missing
in the extraordinarily regular and straight layers of the Grand Canyon (BEL Newsletter Apr, 2009. kgov.com. Nature.com, ScienceDaily.com).
They willfully forget: that by the word of God the heavens were of old, and the earth standing out of water and in the water, by which the world that then existed perished, being flooded with water (2 Pe 3:5-6).
Humans and Worms - Same number of Genes...Human genes are heavily multitasking, which helps explain the many years of confusion among evolutionists who thought that humans and chimpanzees were 95% alike. [Real Science Friday] suggests that obviously false conclusion would be like claiming nearly identical Einstein's Theory of Relativity and Dumb and Dumber after finding similar words in each. Creation magazine's March 2009 issue further explains that our human genes not only multitask in general, but they have a greater regulatory role in embryonic development. This shows the greater genetic design that God put into humans, who are uniquely made in His image. And likely helps explain some of the counter-productive effects of embryonic stem cell treatment as compared to the far-more effective adult stem cell therapy. Regardless though, it would be wrong to kill a single tiny child even if it would cure the whole world (BEL Newsletter Apr, 2009. kgov.com. Nature.com, ScienceDaily.com).
(kgov.com, Real Science Friday)
"Challenge atheists to give a rough description of how evolution could possibly explain (it cannot) a caterpillar liquefying itself and re-creating itself into a butterfly. Evolution uses random mutations, small incremental changes, and natural selection. The chrysalis stage is an impassible gulf that small random changes cannot cross. A caterpillar species needs to begin digesting itself, turning itself into a "bag of rich fluid," and then forming all new tissue and organs, including wings, legs, antennae, heart, muscles and
nervous system, building a brand new organism, and then starting the process all over again. ...[I]nvite any atheist to spend the next 25 years trying to come up with a rough algorithm of how Darwinism can cross the Chrysalis divide! (kgov.com, Real Science Friday).
Limestone Cowboy: The rubber-soled boot with petrified cowboy leg, bones and all was found in a dry creek bed near the West Texas town of Iraan, about 1980 by Mr. Jerry Stone, an employee of Corvette oil company. The boot was hand made by the M. L. Leddy boot company of San Angelo, Texas which began manufacturing boots in 1936. Gayland Leddy, nephew of the founder, grew up in the boot business and now manages Boot Town in Garland, Texas. He recognized the "number 10 stitch pattern" used by his uncle’s company and concluded that the boot was made in the early 1950's. Only the contents of the boot are fossilized, not the boot itself, demonstrating that some materials fossilize more readily than others. The bones of the partial leg and foot within the boot were revealed by an elaborate set of C.T. Scans performed at Harris Methodist Hospital in Bedford, Texas on July 24, 1997. The Radiologic Technician was Evelyn Americus, AART. A complete set of these scans remains with the boot at the Creation Evidence Museum in Glen Rose, Texas..." full text: "40 million year old" Cowboy Boot
"Wouldn’t we expect to find rock layers all over the earth that are filled with billions of dead animals and plants that were rapidly buried and fossilized in sand, mud, and lime? Yes, and that’s exactly what we find..." full text: No Slow and Gradual Erosion Flood Evidence
"The DNA sequence is not all that distinguishes different kinds of organisms—as geneticist Steve Jones was quoted in Creation as saying, ‘We also share about 50% of our DNA with bananas and that doesn’t make us half bananas, either from the waist up or the waist down.’24 Evidence has certainly emerged that ‘DNA is not everything’; for example, mitochondria, ribosomes, the endoplasmic reticulum and the cytosol are passed unchanged from parent to offspring (save for possible mutations in mtDNA). In fact, gene expression is itself under the control of the cell.25 Some animals have undergone extremely dramatic genetic changes, and yet their phenotype has remained virtually identical.26 Such epigenetic marks ‘can dramatically affect the health and characteristics of an organism—some are even passed from parent to child—yet they do not alter the underlying DNA sequence.’27 This evidence lends great support to reproduction after kinds (Genesis 1:24–25; 1 Corinthians 15:39), as structures present within parents are preserved in their offspring..." full text: Human/chimp DNA similarity continues to decrease
Learn how: God gave the giraffe a neck valve so that it's head does not explode, bad legs before good wings, soft tissue, etc.--listen to Real Science Friday with Bob Enyart kgov.com
[An excerpt: The Star of Bethlehem: An Astronomical Perspective] "...[A] very close pairing of Venus and Jupiter in Leo that occurred around 2 B.C.E. in which the planets seemed to merge as seen with the naked eye (no telescopes back then!)..." Full text: The Star of Bethlehem: An Astronomical Perspective
Creation Series by Daryl Ferguson
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This pamphlet is the best short description of what Intelligent Design (I.D.) is all about and why many scientists and analytic philosophers today are embracing it and distancing themselves from Darwin's theory of the origin of life. Co-authored by William Dembski, PhD, a leader in the I.D. debate and a mathematician and philosopher, and Sean McDowell, MA, a popular nationwide speaker. This 14-page full-color pamphlet is an easy-to-follow guide into this engaging topic about God and science.
click to view online
click to view online
An excerpt The Young Earth
Refuting Evolution: A Handbook for Students, Parents, and Teachers Countering the Latest Arguments for Evolution by Jonathan Sarfati (Paperback - May 1999)
Old-Earth Creationism on Trial: The Verdict is In by Dr. Jason Lisle and Tim Chaffey
Did God Use Evolution? Answers in Genesis
In the Beginning was Information by Dr. Werner Gitt
Universe by Design by Dr. Danny Faulkner
The Great Turning Point by Dr. Terry Mortenson
Kid's Articles & Activities Answers in Genesis
The New Answers Book Answers in Genesis
The New Answers Book 2 Answers in Genesis
The New Answers Book 3 Answers in Genesis
What do comets tell us about the age of the solar system?
Is there evidence that our solar system is only thousands of years old, instead of the millions of years claimed by evolutionists? What about the age of stars?
How old is the moon?
How old is the sun?
See also Astronomy
What features of earth’s atmosphere are inconsistent with billions-of-years belief?
Can tree rings reveal how long ago Noah’s Flood took place? What about the Huon pine trees that the media claims could be as much as 30,000 years old?
Is there any geologic evidence that, contrary to evolutionary ideas, supports a young age for the earth?
What about the dating of fossils by evolutionists, who claim they are ‘millions of years old’?
Doesn’t it take millions of years for caves to form?
How long does it take for coal formation? What about the argument that there is too much coal for a young earth?
Does the great depth of some glaciers indicate that the earth is millions of years old?
Have archaeologists truly found Aboriginal artefacts that are about 176,000 years old? What was the dating method, and is it considered reliable?
Are human population growth studies an indicator of antiquity or youth of humanity?
Can all people be genetically traced back to one woman ancestor, as the ‘mitochondrial Eve’ hypothesis claims? How about tracing all people back to one common male ancestor?
Does it take a long time for coral reefs to form?
What oceanographic evidence points to a young age for the oceans?
Absence of field galaxies. With stellar evolution, it would seem that some galaxies would not be gravitationally bound and would just spread out in a "field"
--Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It's A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 68-70.
Transformation of Sirius B from a red giant star to a white dwarf star within recorded history. This is supposed to take a long time.
--Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It's A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 67.
Gravitationally bound star clusters with stars of different ages. If a star cluster is gravitationally bound, under stellar evolution theory one would expect all the stars would be the same age.
--Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 7-14.
Spiral Galaxies. Keplerian motion should destroy the arms of a spiral galaxy in one to a few rotations of the galaxy - 200-1000 million years at most. However, a huge number of spiral galaxies still exist.
--Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 15-16.
Star Clusters. Clusters of stars are common, even though they should rapidly break up due to shearing and tidal affects as they rotate around a galaxy's nucleus.
--Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 16.
Moon Dust and Debris - If the Moon were billions of years old, it should have accumulated a thick layer of dust and debris from meteoritic bombardment. Scientists were concerned that astronauts would sink into a sea of dust, but instead very little meteoritic debris was found. In fact, it was estimated that hundreds of feet and even a mile of thickness would be present, however, after examining rocks and dust brought back from the Moon, scientists learned that only about 1/67th of the dust and debris has even come from outer space.
Existence of short-period comets - The origin of the comets in our solar system is a great mystery from an old universe perspective as they degrade rapidly. While evolutionary astronomers once thought the Oort cloud could account for all comets, the Kuiper belt has been revived to explain their existence.
Existence of unstable rings around planets like Saturn. Rings are not stable and will not last. --Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 65-72.
Planetary Magnetic Fields - Presence of magnetic fields around solar system bodies (Mercury, Jupiter's moon Ganymede, Neptune, Uranus) without an obvious internal dynamo. No natural process is known which could sustain a magnetic field around these bodies - their magnetic fields should have decayed out of existence if they ever had any.
Recession of the moon from the earth. The moon is moving away from the earth gradually due to tidal activity. This movement is too fast for the earth-moon system to be 4.6 billion years old. --Huse, S. M. 1993. The Collapse of Evolution. Baker Books. pp. 41-42.
Shrinking sun - Sun may be shrinking a few feet each year. Can't extrapolate this trend back to the past very far without effecting earth's environment. --Hinderliter, H. 1989. The Shrinking Sun. Design and Origins in Astronomy. Creation Research Society. pp. 107-112.
Absence/shortage of solar neutrinos. Nuclear fusion in the sun's core should give off neutrinos. Experiments have not detected an adequate number of neutrinos - this is a well known problem. Some creationists have argued that this implies solar heat is due to gravity and not fusion - this would imply a young sun.
--Hinderliter, H. 1989. The Shrinking Sun. Design and Origins in Astronomy. Creation Research Society. pp. 113-125.
Continued presence of small meteorites in the face of the Poynting/Robertson effect. Poynting-Robertson effect should sweep the solar system clean of small particles.
--Slusher, H. S. 1980. Age of the Cosmos. Institute for Creation Research. pp. 55-64.
Extensive tectonic activity on Jupiter's moon Io. Inadequate heat sources for a small moon so far from the sun to still be geologically active.
--Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It's A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 41-45.
Rock flow and lunar craters - Rock flow should have eliminated old craters on the moon.
--Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It's A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 49-53.
Heat level of the sun's corona. Not sustainable for a long time period.
High concentration of Uranium-236 on the moon. Should have decayed.
High concentration of Thorium-230 on the moon. Should have decayed.
Tumbling of asteroid Gaspra. Should have stabilized.
Nuclear Decay: Recent experiments commissioned by the RATE project indicate that "1.5 billion years" worth of nuclear decay took place in one or more short episodes between 4,000 and 14,000 years ago.
Earth's Magnetic Field: Exponential decay in the earth's magnetic field (half-life of 1400-2000 years). This half-life can't be extrapolated back more than about 10,000 years without the field becoming intolerably powerful.
Polonium Halos: Robert Gentry's work showed that the Earth's granite was never in a molten condition, because polonium halos survive only in solid rock and the half-life of polonium is much too short to survive a multimillion-year cooling time. His results seem to indicate that the Earth was created instantaneously, in a cool condition. If true, it is clear evidence for creation and a young earth.
Helium diffusion: There is insufficient mass of helium in earth's atmosphere to account for 4.6 billion years of radioactive decay. Helium is a by-product of radioactive decay of some elements. It is a noble gas which doesn't combine with any other element, but there is not enough of it to account for the radioactive decay which should have occurred in an old-earth scenario.
In addition, uranium and thorium in zircons produce helium as a by-product of their radioactive decay. This helium seeps out of (sic) zircons quickly over a wide range of temperatures. If the zircons really are about 1.5 billion years old (the age which conventional dating gives assuming a constant decay rate), almost all of the helium should have dissipated from the zircons long ago. But there is a significant amount of helium still inside the zircons, showing their ages to be 6000 +/- 2000 years. Accelerated decay must have produced a billion years worth of helium in that short amount of time.
Human population growth: If humans had been around more than a few thousand years, they would have populated the earth more quickly. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 70-71.
Rapid Oil Formation: It has been claimed that oil was formed over 100 millions of years from organic remains, but recent experiments have shown that oil can be produced under the right conditions in a matter of minutes.
“Experiments by the U.S. Bureau of mines showed that petroleum (oil) can be produced from organic material in only 20 minutes.” Hayden R. Appell, Y.C. Fu, Sam Friedman, et al, “Converting Organic Wastes to Oil,” RL-7560 (Washington, D.C., United States Department of the Interior, Bureau of Mines, 1971.)
" British scientists claimed to have invented a way to turn household garbage into oil suitable for home heating or power plant use. 'We are doing in 10 minutes what it has taken nature 150 million years to do', said Noel McAuliffe of Manchester University..." Sentinel Star, 2/26/1982
Middleton, Holyland, Loewenthal, Bruner, "Bottom line - Economic accumulations of oil and gas can be generated in thousands of years in sedimentary basins that have experienced hot fluid flow for similar durations." The Petroleum Exploration Society of Australia No. 24, 1996, p. 6-12
Rapid Wood Petrifaction: Petrified wood was believed to required thousands or even millions of years, but a US patent now exists that is able to produce petrified wood rapidly.
“A mineralized sodium silicate solution for the application to wood has a composition causing it to penetrate the wood and jell within the wood so as to give the wood the non-burning characteristics of petrified wood.” US Patent & Trademark Office, Patent No. 4,612,050
Argument from tree rings: Tree rings, including rings on petrified forest trees, can't be traced back more than some thousands of years. --Morris, H. M. 1961. The Genesis Flood. pp. 392-393.
Absence of large number of human tombs. Humans bury their dead, even in "stone-age" societies, but large numbers of tombs are not found.
Argument from only recent known civilizations. Earliest known civilizations are only a few thousand years old.--Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 70.
Dating of Niagara falls. Erosion of the system indicates it is only a few thousand years old.--Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 48-49.
Dating of Mississippi river delta. Erosion rate and amount of sediment accumulated indicate that it is only a few thousand years old. --Mehlert, A. W. "Another Look at the Agea and History of the Mississippi River." pp. 121-123. Creation Research Society Quarterly, December 1988.
Lack of equilibrium of Carbon-14/Carbon-12 ratio. This ratio should reach equilibrium in the atmosphere in only some thousands of years, but it hasn't reached that point yet. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 73-74.
Erosion rate of the continents. Continental mass divided by erosion rate would wash all the continents into the ocean in about 14 million years. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 88-90.
Sediments in the Ocean. Present erosion rate could produce all the existing ocean sediment in only 15 million years. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 90.
Amount of salts in the ocean divided by rate of influx. This is actually many dating methods - one for each salt which can be measured. For example, all the sodium chloride in the ocean would have been washed in in about 62 million years, if the ocean was pure water to begin with. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 85-87.
Amount of water on earth's surface / rate at which it is expelled from below ground. Enough water is expelled from deep below the earth via volcanoes, etc. to rapidly produce more than all the water on the earth's surface. --Morris, H. M. 1961. The Genesis Flood. Presbyterian and Reformed Publishing Company. pp. 387-389.
Pressure in oil reservoirs. Couldn't have stayed high for millions of years.
--Huse, S. M. 1993. The Collapse of Evolution. Baker Books. pp. 40-41.
Rate of accretion of the earth's crust due to volcanism. Volcanic activity could produce the entire earth's crust in only 1.2 billion years even with no crust to begin with.
--Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 88.
--Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 62-64.
The geologic column (representing all the earth's observed sedimentary rock) in classical geology represents hundreds of millions of years of evolutionary history. Evidence that this column formed rapidly rather than over millions of years is therefore evidence for a young geologic column and a young earth.
Absence of meteorites in the geologic column.
"Counting the number of asteroids we see in the sky suggests that over the past 250 million years, Earth should have been hit around 440 times by asteroids larger than one kilometre across. But scientists have found only 38 large impact craters from this period." New Scientist December 02
--Ackerman, P.D. 1986. It's A Young World After All. Baker Books. pp. 25-28.
Polystrate fossils - are fossils which cross multiple geologic layers which were supposedly laid down millions of years apart. Trees trunks are frequently found to cross several layers and even through coal beds showing that these layers formed rapidly. Some polystrate trees are even found upside down providing obvious testiment to catastrophic upheaval.
Rapid Coal Formation - It has been claimed that coal takes millions of years to form, however, in recent laboratory experiments by Dr. George R. Hill and Dr. Don C. Adams at the University of Utah it has been shown that plant matter can be turned into coal in a matter of hours.
GEORGE R. HILL Dean of College of Mines & Mineral Industries, "A rather startling and serendipitous discovery resulted....These observations suggest that in their formation, high rank coals,....were probably subjected to high temperature at some stage in their history. A possible mechanism for formation of these high rank coals could have been a short time, rapid heating event." [Six Hours], Chemtech, May, 1972, p. 292-296.
Turbidites are evidence of rapid strata formation. These sedimentary rocks result from sediments of turbidity currents and are believed to comprise as much as 50% of the geological column, and approximately 30 of the deposits visible in the Grand Canyon.
Ripple marks, rain drops, and animal tracks in sedimentary rocks. This implies very rapid burial and hardening because these fragile features could not survive even trivial erosion. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 94-96.
Regional deposition. Current known geologic processes don't account for regional deposits (covering multiple U.S. states, for example). This applies to types of rocks, as well as coal and oil reserves.
Deformation of strata implies it was soft when deformed and hadn't hardened into rock. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 106-109.
Absence of bioturbation in the geologic column. Biological activity soon disturbs sedimentary deposits formed by modern catastrophes (hurricanes, floods) but is not evidenced in the geologic column. This implies that the geologic column was buried very deeply very rapidly. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 96-97.
Lack of recognizable soil layers in the geologic column. Soil material is seldom found in the geologic column. One would think that the earth had soil layers in the past, and if it was slowly buried, some would be preserved. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 97-98.
Undisturbed bedding planes. Different geologic rock layers often show sharp, knife-edge breaks between layers, with no evidence of erosion between. This is not realistic if the layers formed over long periods of time.
--Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 98-100.
Clastic dikes: Clastic dikes are formed from soft sand squeezed up through newer layers of rock. This implies that the sandy older (lower) layer was still soft enough to squeeze sand up (like squeezing a toothpaste tube) through the younger upper layers. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 109-112.
Limited Extent of Unconformities. Much of the geologic column is continuous in its deposition, with no evidence of erosion between layers. This indicates that the process took only a very short time. --Morris, J. D. 1994. The Young Earth. Master Books. pp. 103-105.
Science itself suggests intelligent design. Creation explains it.
The Genesis Record: A Scientific and Devotional Commentary on the Book of Beginnings
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Pamphlet: Creation and Evolution
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ISBN 10: 189094789X ISBN 13: 9781890947897 Product Code: 468X
Pamphlet: Answers to Evolution
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